Foire aux questions - TCF Canada

Cheating during examinations is a disciplinary offence under French law, governed by the decree of July 13, 1992, amended by the decree of July 13, 1995.

Cheating during an exam is an offence. It is forbidden to:

  • be replaced by another person during the exam,
  • use a device to exchange or consult information (e.g. a smartphone),
  • take a photo of the examination documents or record soundtracks,
  • use a device for listening to audio files,
  • communicate with other candidates during the test,
  • use any paper or documents other than those provided,
  • commit plagiarism (partially or fully reproducing existing documents, whether memorised or copied),
  • copy from the script of another candidate.

If caught cheating or attempting to cheat, or if cheating is discovered during marking, you risk:

  • having your results cancelled,
  • being forbidden from sitting the exam for several years,
  • criminal sanctions for the most serious cases.

If, during marking, the candidate is suspected of cheating, the CIEP reserves the right to cancel their marks. In this case, the candidate will not be issued a certificate, but may retake the test by paying a new registration fee.

In the event of falsification of a TCF certificate, the CIEP will cancel the certificate in question and will take disciplinary action.

Important: officers requiring a TCF certificate (agents of the prefectures, universities, campus France, etc.) have access to the results obtained by the candidates of the TCF.


The “test de connaissance du français” for Canada, or “TCF Canada”, is a French language proficiency test that meets the standards of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). TCF Canada results are accepted for the purposes of economic immigration or for obtaining Canadian citizenship.

The TCF Canada consists of four mandatory parts. It evaluates general French language proficiency in listening comprehension, reading comprehension, speaking and writing.

There are 39 multiple choice questions for listening comprehension; 39 multiple choice questions for the reading comprehension with only one correct answer possible; 3 speaking tasks, organized according to a progressively increasing level of difficulty; and 3 writing tasks, also with a progressively increasing level of difficulty. The levels correspond to the benchmarks specified by the European Framework for Language Learning, Teaching and Evaluation as well as the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB).

Once the results from the test have been calculated, a certificate with your official results will be issued to you.

For information about the latest provisions for immigration to Canada, please consult the IRCC website.

The certificate of your TCF Canada results details your level and score for each part. To find out what level of linguistic proficiency this corresponds to on the Canadian scale (Canadian Language Benchmark, CLB), refer to the CLB table of correspondence.

TCF Canada sessions are organized throughout the year. Accredited centers are authorized to hold sessions according to their capabilities. It is your responsibility to contact the accredited TCF Canada center nearest you as soon as possible.

An accredited TCF center can provide information on the following:

  • test session dates
  • the registration procedure
  • the location of the test session
  • fees

Yes. The TCF Canada is the only certification offered by the CIEP that has been approved by the IRCC for applications for economic immigration and to obtain Canadian citizenship.

You can take the TCF Canada as many times as you would like. However, you must wait 30 days between each try.

Your results will be sent to the testing center within 15 working days starting from the day the CIEP receives the test session material. You must collect your certificate at the center where you took the TCF Canada.

Please note: You will only be issued one original copy of your certificate. It is thus advisable to keep an extra certified copy of your certificate.

The CIEP gathers certain data in order to allow you to take the TCF Canada under the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and the Canadian Citizenship Act.

The following information will be collected: family name, first name, date of birth, country of origin/nationality, native language, picture (which must be taken the day of the test at the testing site), signature (obtained on the day of the test), passport or official national identity card number.

Your personal data will be sent to the Canadian authorities and made accessible to them for a period of 10 years beginning the day of the test.

By registering for the TCF Canada, you authorize the CIEP to keep your data during this period. Any information transmitted to the Canadian authorities will be handled and stored according to Canadian law. If you do not agree to this transmission or if you modify or delete your data, your immigration or citizenship application may not be processed by the Canadian authorities. 

For questions regarding the rights of access, rectification, portability, and cancellation of personal data, subject to the regulations regarding official certifications, or for any question about our personal data protection policy, you may contact our data protection officer:

- via e-mail:

- via postal mail:   Délégué à la protection des données du CIEP, 1 avenue Léon Journault, 92318 Sèvres Cedex.

Your certificate is valid for a limited period of two years. After this time has passed, your certificate will no longer be valid.

You can prepare for the test and familiarize yourself with the format using the tools listed on this webpage.